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Abdel Hadi El Gazzar (1925 – 1965) Art Work
 
Born in Alexandria in 1925 Abdel Hadi El-Gazzar moves with his family to Cairo in 1940 where they settle in the district of Sayeda Zeinab. At the Helmeya secondary school El-Gazzar joins the artistic club initiated by Hussein Youssef Amin the great pedagogical figure who discovered Gazzar and Nada and followed them through all their careers. 

In 1942 El-Gazzar receives first prize in drawing competition among the secondary schools and the first prize in the general competition of drawing.El-Gazzar starts his studies at the medical school which he will abandon after six months to register with the Faculty of Fine Art. In 1946, he joins the foundation of the Group of Contemporary Egyptian Art by H.Y. Amin. In 1949, Gazzar and H.Y.Amin are arrested because of the formers’s painting ‘The Popular Chorus’. They are freed after the intervention of Mahmoud Said and Mohamed Naghy. Then after exhibiting with the Contemporary Art Group he obtained a scholarship for studying art in Rome. 

Among several prizes which he obtains internationally, he wins the first prize in Brussels in1958. He then exhibits in Rome, Palermo and the Bari International Exhibition where he obtains the silver medal. In 1964 he receives the medal of Art and Sciences and the National encouragement prize for his painting ‘The High Dam”. 

Gazzar’s first series of drawings in 1946 when he was only 21 years old were based on the anthropological theme of man before civilization and his relationship with the wilderness.

The second period of Gazzar’s career (1948-1960) reflects the influence of Sayeda Zeinab district where medieval traditions resisted all the winds of modern westernization. It was through this district that he witnessed the moulids and the religious festivals that have been celebrated since the Fatmide period. Here every sort of popular magic is practiced like fortune telling and purification rituals. Thus he began to associate the intuitive aspect of art (its soul) with the essential element in the popular majestic art (the hidden and the unknown).

In his last period Gazzar was much influenced by the political life in Egypt and the forces of change. He recorded his feelings in great works like the ‘High Dam’,’The Charter’ and ‘The Bandong Conference’. In 1966 Gazzar dies of heart attack at the age of 41 leaving great paintings of modern Egyptian art.
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